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The cause is poorly understood, though it may occur in women with raised levels of estrogen. Uterine fibroids are rarely cancerous, with as few as 1 in 1000 cases. However, some studies suggest leiomyosarcoma, or cancerous fibroids, are more common than this.
The location classifies fibroids within the uterus; there are three main types:
● Intramural fibroids: Form inside the muscular wall of the uterus.
● Submucosal fibroids: Grow within the open space of the uterus.
● Subserosal fibroids: The most common type, which grows on the outside of the uterus.
Some women do not experience any symptoms. However, some may cause unpleasant side effects, including:
● heavy periods, often causing anemia
● pain during menstruation
● lower back or leg pain
● a heavy or full feeling in the lower abdomen
● painful intercourse
● more frequent urination
Most often, fibroids do not cause complications. However, they can sometimes affect a person's quality of life, especially for women who suffer from heavy periods.
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Some women develop recurrent urinary tract infections as a result. At the same time, larger growths can lead to constipation and discomfort in the lower abdomen.
Most often, fibroids won't require treatment and usually shrink or resolve before menopause.
For women with uncomfortable symptoms, their doctor may suggest the following treatments:
● Lifestyle changes: Maintaining a healthy weight through regular exercise and healthy
eating may moderate estrogen levels and reduce fibroids.
● Hysterectomy: In more severe cases, a hysterectomy may be necessary. This
procedure involves partial or total removal of the uterus.
● Surgery: Large fibroids that do not respond to treatment may require surgery.
● Birth control: Hormonal birth control helps regulate the ovulation cycle and may reduce
bleeding while helping with painful periods.
If you have experienced symptoms of fibroids, the providers at True Harmony can help. We have two convenient options for making an appointment. You can either request an appointment through our website or call (480) 539-6646.
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